Head And Neck

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If a person is suffering from bacterial infections like cold, tonsils, sinus, or otitis media infections, they spread to the neck and head if untreated. The infection first develops lymph nodes in the tissues deep down in the neck. Then, through the sinus, the infection flows through the bloodstream or the infected area in the brain, forming an abscess.

Brain infections are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites affecting the brain, spinal cord, and surrounding areas. 

Some most common risk factors for brain diseases are exposed to environmental toxins, radiation like long-term exposure to toxic chemicals, and radiation causing brain diseases such as brain tumours. In addition, certain brain diseases are caused by genes and genetic mutations. The symptoms are changing headache patterns that become frequent and more severe, vomiting, difficulty in speech and balance and making decisions, vision problems such as blurry or double vision, or loss of peripheral vision, inability to follow simple commands, feeling tired, hearing problems, gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or leg, vomiting. 

The most dangerous bacterial infection which affects the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord is meningitis causing stiffness in the neck. Cancer grows in the neck and head in moist places like the throat, nose, and mouth. The warning signs of neck and head are painless white or red patches in the mouth, mouth ulcers, change of voice, sore throat, painless lump in the mouth or neck, difficulty in chewing, swallowing, and even while breathing, frequent nose bleeding, blood in saliva, weight loss. The doctors classify the tumours with their specific location in the body. 

The squamous cells that line the mucosal surfaces of the head and neck are collectively known as cancers. The most common head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas which begin in the squamous cells forming a thin layer of tissue on the surface of the structures in the head and neck.