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An ear infection can be caused by a fungus, viruses, or bacteria in the middle ear. In addition, people with poor immune systems are prone to ear infections from other illnesses such as cold, flu, or allergy, which causes congestion and swelling in the nasal passage, throat, and eustachian tubes. 

The ear infection symptoms among children:

  • Ear pain, especially when lying down.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Loss of balance.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Headache
  • Drainage of fluid from the ear.
  • Not responding to the sound.
  • Fussiness.
  • Fever of 100F.
  • Continuously crying.

 

Symptoms in adults:

  • Ear pain
  • Drainage of fluid from the ear.
  • The trouble of hearing.

 

Types of ear infections:

  1. Otitis externa:

The symptoms are ear pain, itching, irritation, redness, swelling near the ear canal, and a feeling of pressure and fullness inside the ear. The scaly skin formed around the ear canal may peel off if untreated and rarely lead to serious life-threatening complications.

  1. Otitis media:

The symptoms are ear pain, unusual irritability, difficulty sleeping, loss of balance, hearing difficulties, and fluid draining from the ear. Children suffer from fever. This infection is widely spread, affecting all ages and is also life-threatening. 

  • Serous otitis media:

The symptoms are pain, hearing loss, the child pulling their ears, and a behaviour change. The patient may suffer from permanent loss of hearing.

  • Infectious myringitis:

The patient suffers from sudden severe pain in the ear, which persists for 24 to 48 hours, hearing loss in the infected ear, gradually recovers once the infection is cleared, fever, fluid draining from the ear, irritability, and full feeling in the ear. The infection is not contagious but causes long-term complications.

  • Acute mastoiditis:

Redness, tenderness, swelling, pain behind the ear, which causes it to stick out, discharge from the infected ear, high temperature, irritability, tiredness, headache, and hearing loss in the affected ear. The infection may lead to further complications like hearing loss, blood clots, or brain abscesses.

  • Vestibular neuronitis:

This bacterial infection cannot be cured without antibiotics. In most cases, this infection comes and occurs and goes away on its own. This infection is not fatal.

  • Herpes zoster of the ear:

The zoster virus causes it. The symptoms are painful shingles, rashes, hearing loss, ringing in the ear, vertigo, and nausea. It’s a dangerous infection but a preventable disease as well.

 

Children tend to get affected by ear infections more than adults. Children between 6 months to 2 years of age are more vulnerable to ear infections as their immune system is still developing.