Diabetic Services - Satkriti Hospital

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DiabetesĀ 

An insufficient supply of insulin to the body is known as diabetes. There are 2 types of diabetes:

  1. Type 1 and
  2. Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is hereditary and linked to family history and genetics. Everyone doesn’t need to get diabetes as it’s in the family history, but it’s more likely to develop if the parents or siblings have it. The risk factor is more in kids if both parents have diabetes. For example, the risk factor is 30% if the father has type 2 diabetes. The risk increases if the mother has type 2 diabetes, and the risk is up to 70% if both parents have type 2 diabetes. Whatever type of diabetes a person may have produces more sugar in the blood, and too much sugar content in the blood may lead to serious health issues.

The general symptoms of diabetes areĀ 

  • Increased thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • The healing of wounds becomes slow, and sometimes instead of healing, it becomes more chronic, adding to more complications.
  • Frequent infections of skin, gum, and vaginal.
  • Dry skin
  • Feeling tired
  • Having numbness or feeling of tingling on hands or feet.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes:

  • Increased thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability and other mood changes
  • Blurred vision
  • Bed wetting in children who never had this problem before.
  • Dry skin
  • Feeling tired
  • The healing of wounds becomes slow, and sometimes instead of healing, it becomes more chronic, adding to more complications.

Risk factors:

It depends on family history, genetics, and geography. For example, it increases if a person travels away from the equator. The children between 4 and 7 ages get diabetes is called the first peak, and the second peak occurs for the children between 10 to 14.

Complications:

Maintaining proper blood sugar levels can reduce the risk of many complications, such as cardiovascular problems, chest pain, heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, eye damage, and foot damage. The complications get added on with the blood sugar level in the body.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • Increased thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • The healing of wounds becomes slow, and sometimes instead of healing, it becomes more chronic, adding to more complications.
  • Frequent infections of skin, gum, and vaginal.
  • Dry skin
  • Feeling tired
  • Having numbness or feeling of tingling on hands or feet.
  • The skin gets darkened under the armpits and neck.

Risk factors:

Being overweight is the main cause. Physical activity helps more in controlling weight. As a result, the body uses more glucose as energy and makes the cells more sensitive to insulin; the risk of type 2 diabetes increases as people get older, especially after age 45.

Complications:

Type 2 diabetes affects the main organs, like the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys.